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The Tomb Of King Tu Doc Hue


Tomb Of Tu Doc


  • The Mausoleum (tomb) of Emperor Tu Doc is part of the Hue historical complex designated a World Heritage Site.
  • The Hue historical complex of the Nguyen Emperors is an important location in Vietnam. The complex includes the Citadel ( by citadel we mean a fortress protecting a town ), a walled city within which is the Royal Court and its administration buildings, the Imperial City within it and within it the Forbidden City, the various royal burial complexes situated in the surrounding foothills. The complex is regarded as an outstanding architectural example of east Asia feudal power and capital. More importantly it is an important monument in Vietnamese history and culture. Its location and setting on a narrow strip of land hemmed in by the Trurong Son mountain range to the south and west. There are two groups of historical sites, those including the walled citadel and the buildings within it and the burial complexes of the Nguyen Kings and others concerning the spiritual life of the times. The burial sites are west of Hue because the sun rises in the east symbolizing life and the setting sun in the west symbolizes the passing of life. The same beliefs existed in Cambodia and the Hindu Khmer monuments such as Angkor Wat.
  • Tu Doc's reign began in 1848 and ended in 1883. It was the longest reign of the Nguyen kings. The Emperor attached considerable importance to the construction of his final residence and the buildings and gardens around it. The many buildings it comprises blend into the vegetation and the numerous pools and basins, and are in perfect harmony with their environment. Emperor Tu Doc assumed the throne at 20 years of age and at which time there was peace and harmony in Vietnam. At the end of his reign the Kingdom was at war with France and three provinces in the south of the Kingdom were conceded to the French invaders. To the visitor today, this is a place of harmony, but at the time these monuments were conceived and constructed there was unrest in the kingdom and rebellion within the palace grounds. In 1866 the workers within the grounds staged a mutiny inside the Forbidden City but were stopped by the Imperial Guards. Here notwithstanding turmoil Tu Doc wrote poetry and other compositions and planned this harmonious setting.
  • Tu Doc's complex is enclosed by walls on a twelve hectare site. Within the complex is a man made lake with a small islet in the middle . Here curved paths meander around the ground on an axis of symmetry. This burial complex contains numerous buildings, palaces, libraries and living quarters to support the daily activities of the Emperor and his entourage.
  • During its construction and his life, this place served as a place for the second court, here met the inner circle of his court. Whilst intended for the after life this place was also  a refuge in his present life.
  • After Tu Doc's death his numerous wives and concubines moved their residences here to show loyalty and care for his soul. The law of the time prevented wives and concubines from remarrying. Similar rules applied in other Asian Kingdoms, such as in the Kingdom of Siam.



Tu Doc Pavillion