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National Museum Bangkok

Buddhaisawan Chapel National Museum Bangkok

Museum Details:
  • Location:Na Pha That Road, between Sanamluang and the Chao Phraya River, Bangkok 10200 Situated between Thammasat University and National Theatre and opposite the Grand Park Sanamluang.
  • Telephone: 02 224 1404 02 224 1333
  • Hours:  9.00 am to 4.00 pm Wednesday to Sunday,Closed Monday, Tueday & national holidays
The National Museum Bangkok is a must see tourist attraction:
  • Firstly, the Museum houses Thailand’s largest and finest collection of Thailand art, including the collection of antiquities from the period of King Mongkut (1851-1868, that famous king from “ the King and I ”).
  • Secondly, the Museum is actually comprised of a series of buildings and structures, many of which are both historically important and architecturally significant. These include, Siwamokhapiman Hall which now houses the Thai History Gallery but which originally was built by the Prince Successor to Rama I, Buddhaisawan Chapel built in 1787 to house the Buddha image '' Phra Buddhasihing '',The Red House, made of teak and the home of the elder sister of Rama I, Issarawinitchai Hall which was the audience hall of the Palace of the Prince Successor and which now houses temporary special exhibitions, Pritsadang Bhimuk Hall which now houses the old weapons collection of the Museum and thre residence of the second King of Rama IV, King Pin Klao. The collection of important buildings is interesting for its history as well as the architecture styles.
  • The Museum is very large, and is best viewed over a series of visits. However, those visitors with limited time would be best to concentrate on viewing the historic buildings, and the displays in the galleries of the Phra Wiman, the Ayutthaya and Sukhothai art of the North Wing and the Dvaravati and Lopburi art of the South Wing.

The History & Art Exhibitions To See At The National Museum Bangkok

  • There are 7 periods and themes about Thailand Thai art during the past 2000 years. In addition there have been regional themes at different periods in some, in some and not all, of the regions that today make the Thailand Nation. All these are in exhibitions at National Museum Bangkok.
The common Thai art national themes or influences are:
  • The non National regional themes in Northern Thailand are those of the Burmese, Mon, the Shan, the Tai Lu, the Tai Yuan and the minority ethnic highlanders and lowlanders. In Southern Thailand it is those of the Srivajaya Empire, the Malay and Chinese. In Central Thailand it is those of Lop Buri style art, U Thong and Khmer art and architecture and in East Thailand it is those of the Tai Lao and Khmer architecture.

Historical Buildings In National Museum Bangkok
  • The Teak Red House, or Tamnak Daeng, historically significant as being the private living quarters for Princess Sri Sudarek, a sister of Rama 1 (1782-1809), built of golden teakwood stained red in Ayutthaya style.
  • The main part of the Museum was formerly a section of the Palace of the Prince Successor, who usually was the younger brother of the king and who by tradition was the second in command of the armed forces and presumed probable successor to the throne.
  • Following tradition of Ayutthaya, in Bangkok his Palace was situated in front of the main entrance to the King’s Palace so as to protect it. This palace was known as the Palace in the Front (Wang Na).

Other buildings of importance include:
  • Siwamokhaphiman Hall (Throne Room) where audiences were held.
  • Issaretrachanuscorn Hall a mansion occupied by King Pin Klao, Second King to Rama IV, furnished in European style
  • The old Central Palace buildings (Phra Wiman), whose apartments were designed for the seasons
Four traditional Thai style Pavilions are:
  • Mangkhalabhisek Pavilion originally part of the Wang Na Palace
  • Patihantasanai and Sala Longsong Pavilions both traditional Thai style open air pavilions. They originated from the palace of King Vajiravudh (Rama VI, 1910-1925)
  • Samranmukhamat Pavilion, originally part of  the Dusit Palace in northern Bangkok
  • Phutthaisawan Chapel [the Palace’s private chapel] built 1787 to house the famous gold Phra Phut Sihing, a mid fifteenth century Buddha image. This building including its murals is historically significant as a superb example of monastic architecture
  • Phra Buddhasihing (Sukhothai period) which houses Bangkok’s finest Ratannoskin murals.