Your SEO optimized title

Polonnaruwa Sri Lanka

Buddha at Polonnaruwa

  • Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka’s impressive primitive capital was founded as the 1st city of the land during the 11th Century, A.D. Polonnaruwa replaced Anuradhapura that was looted, made deserted and laid miserably bare to the attacking militaries from South India.
  • The chronicles of the city as well as the period was dominated by 3 Kings. In the 12th century the city attained an amazing but brief zenith and although withered by attack in the centuries which followed, abundant proof remains of the old glory and grandeur. On the east coast of a big artificial lake, the Topa Wewa Lake, the remains of the old city stand, constructed by King Parakramabahu I, whose reign was Polonnaruwa‘s excellent period. Palace buildings and groups of dozens of temples, dagobas as well as different other sacred buildings stand inside a rectangle of city walls. Outside the city walls and near to the main road to Dambulla and Habarana on the northern side of the main complex, other historic buildings can be found.
  • To see a number of the ruins dug from the site like the stone lion that once protected the King Nissanka Malla’s palace, or the good Hindu figures discovered from the remains of the Shiva Devale Temple – you might need to visit the National Museum in Colombo.

Polonnaruwa Highlights

“Monkey Kingdom”

  • The release of the documentary film “Monkey Kingdom” in more than 12,000 American cinemas in April 2015 has brought Polonnaruwa in the limelight recently. The film portrays the life of a troop of wild monkeys and the whole set was based around the Polonnaruwa’s old kingdom.
  • The documentary film shows the island like a glamorous destination filled with natural attractiveness and underscored by traditional places like Polonnaruwa. The movie also gives good consideration to these sorts of monkeys and it demonstrates their link with Polonnaruwa as well as their social patterns that is an ideal way to teach tourists and locals equally regarding preserving these types of animals.

Parakrama Samudraya

  • Parakrama Samudraya (Sea of Parakrama) constructed by King Parakramabahu, is the biggest primeval rainwater artificial lake in Sri Lanka. It dominates the Polonnaruwa district’s western flank. The reservoir spreads over an area of 2500 hectares and can store 134 million cubic meters of water. The ancient city of Polonnaruwa is benefitting from cool breezes of the Parakrama Samudraya.
  • The ruins of the King’s Council Chamber are near the Parakrama Samudraya.

Statue of King Parakramabahu

  • Another well-known Polonnaruwa monument on the Southern side of the Parakrama Samudraya is believed to be that of King Parakramabahu the great.

Palace of King Parakramabahu

  • Encircled by fortifications, the Royal Fortress has several interesting memorials. Palace of King Parakramabahu must have been an impressive edifice once, elaborately ornamented and 7 storeys high. The palace’s remaining walls are extra-ordinarily thick and the drainage system is fascinating. The Kumara Pokuna, the beautiful royal bath is a little further on. The lovely Royal Audience Hall – decorated with a moonstone, elegant pillars and lion portals is across the way.

Potgul Vehera

  • The Potgul Vehera or the Library Monastery is 100 metres south of the sculpture of King Parakramabahu at the southern end of the city, outside the Royal Garden of Nandana Uyana. A central square veranda contains the main memorial, circular shrine in which the religious books were kept. Four small dagobas surround it.

Shiva Devale

  • Shiva Devale 1: A Hindu Temple of restrained as well as chaste line devoted to God Shiva of 12th century vintage.
  • Shiva Devale 2: It is the 11th century Hindu temple constructed completely of stone past the north gate of the fortress. A stone engraved phallus inside the temple is, a symbol of Hindu god Diva. The Nandi bull, vehicle of God Shiva is in front of the temple.


  • Thuparama, a brick-constructed gedige is nicely preserved. It is the oldest image house at Polonnaruwa.
  • A brick base is roughly 1 meter high with 3 projections which carried an image of Buddha once is now just a heap of bricks. Thuparama’s stone images date back to the Anuradhapura period.


  • Vatadage is a beautiful and elegant circular relic. It is a stylishly decorated screen wall marbled with 4 petalled flowers in line with the outer circle of stone pillars.
  • At the cardinal points the access stairs are attractively engraved. There is a Buddha sculpture in stone at the head of each flight. Vatadage is loaded with guard stones and moonstones.

Nissanka Lata Mandapaya

  • King Nissankamalla constructed Nissanka Lata Mandapaya. It is an advanced work of art showing the magnificence of traditional architecture. The pavilion was thought to be used for reciting Buddha’s teaching whereas the engraving at the pavilion discloses that the king used to listen to the reciting of pirith.
  • Buddhist railings surround the Nissanka Lata Mandapaya pavilion. It contains a bubble shaped dagaba and is engraved out of stone in the centre.

The Sathmahal Prasada

  • The Sathmahal Prasada is built in a stepped pyramidal shape which houses 7 square levels. As per the archaeologists, the layout of the structure is similar to Vat Kukut at Lamphun, Thailand.

Hatadage and Atadage

  • King Wijayabahu and king Nissankamalla built Holy Tooth artifact holy places Hatadage and Atadage in Polonnaruwa. The eleventh century Atadage and the twelfth century Hatadage both contained the Sacred Tooth Artifact of Buddha. Both are beautiful constructions decorated with good carvings.
  • King Vijayabahu established his capital at Polonnaruwa after liberating Sri Lanka from the Dravidian attackers and constructed the Atadage to put the Bowl relic and the holy tooth artifact of Buddha.
  • King Nissankamalla constructed the Atadage, in order to keep the Bowl relic and the holy tooth artifact of Buddha.

Gal Potha (Stone Book)

  • It is a huge 26 ft stone slab which lies beside the Hetadage. King Nissankamalla recorded his own deeds in Gal Potha.
  • The stone slab was brought from Mihintale. The engravings also comprise details of genealogy of King Nissankamalla and his battles with Dravidian attackers from South India.
  • There are 2 stone engraved elephants, on the side of Gal Potha sprinkling water on goddess Lakshmi.

Pabalu Vehera

  • Pabalu Vehera is thought to be constructed during the Anuradhapura period and enlarged in the Polonnaruwa period. Four image houses surround the stupa. There are carved limestone sculptures of Buddha in different positions.

Polonnaruwa Sri Lanka