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Lake Taal


Lake Taal, Taal Volcano The Philippines


  • Taal Volcano is an active volcano on the island of Luzon in the Philippines south west from Manila. It consists of an island in Lake Taal, which is situated within a caldera formed by an earlier very large eruption.
  • It is about 50 km from the capital, Manila. It has an elevation of 600 meters above sea level. The volcano is a complex cinder and tuff cones formed inside a large caldera, the main rock type of which is Olivine Basalt. The main crater lake of the volcano island is four (4) meters above sea level making the island one of the lowest and most active volcanoes in the world. The deepest point of the lake is approximately 172 meters.
  • The lake and its environs is home to many species of flora and fauna a number of which are endemic to the lake like the " Tawilis " ( Sardinella tawilis ), the only fresh water sardine in the world and the Taal Lake Sea-snake ( Hydrophis semperi ) or known to locals as '' Duhol '', the only freshwater sea snake in the world. This snake still has salt glands to eliminate excess salt, despite being in a freshwater habitat.  Other endemic forms include blue green algae, diatom, ostracod, sponge, reptile and fishes. There are many other species, which until now have yet to be documented, and whose natural histories have not been fully studied.
  • '' The Taal Volcano Protected Landscape, which is an active  strato-volcano on the island of Luzon, straddles the provinces of Batangas and Cavite, with an area of 62,292.14 hectares and situated in the municipalities of Talisay, Malvar, Tanauan, Laurel, Agoncillo, Sta. Teresita, Cuenca, Alitagtag, Mataas na Kahoy, Lipa City, Balete and San Nicolas in Batangas & Tagaytay City in Cavite.  It consists of an island in Lake Taal, which is situated within a caldera formed by an earlier very large eruption. It is about 50 km from the capital, Manila.