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Pura Luhur Uluwatu (Uluwatu Temple)

  • Pura Luhur Uluwatu, also called Uluwatu Temple is among 6 main temples thought to be spiritual pillars of Bali, is famous for its wonderful location, on top of a vertical geological formation about seventy metres above sea level. Uluwatu Temple is situated in Pecatu Village, roughly 25 kilometres south of Kuta. Additionally, this temple shares the impressive sunset background like that of Tanah Lot Temple, another key sea temple situated in western shores of the island.
  • Pura Luhur Uluwatu is among island’s top locations to go for sunset pleasure, for direct views to look the attractive Indian Ocean as well as daily Kecak dance concerts. Balinese ancient sculptures, traditionally-designed gateways and architecture, add to appeal of Uluwatu Temple.
  • No doubt, what makes Uluwatu Temple amazing is its cliff-top setting at 250 feet above the Indian Ocean. In Balinese 'Ulu' means the ‘tip’ or the ‘top’ and 'watu' means a ‘rock’ or a ‘stone’. Here, a number of archaeological remains found confirm that the temple is of megalithic origin, dating back to the 10th century. There are 2 gateways to Uluwatu Temple, from the north and the other from the south.
  • There is a small forest at the front where hundreds of monkeys live. They are supposed to protect the temple from evil influences. Concrete walls on the cliff side fortify the snaky path to the temple. Since there are many fenced points along the way, it takes roughly one hour to go from one end to another. The scenes from the base of the water rising up the ocean horizon and against rocks are amazing.
  • The Balinese Hindus assume that the 3 godly powers of Siva, Vishnu and Brahma become one here. That conviction leads in believing Uluwatu Temple a venue of reverence of Siva Rudra, the Hindu god of Balinese of all elements as well as life’s aspects in the world. Uluwatu Temple is also devoted to guard Bali from wicked sea spirits.


History
  • Engravings reveal that Uluwatu Temple was initiated by Mpu Kunturan, a monk of Majapahit who also took part in setting up many other temples of great significance in Bali like Pura Sakenan in Denpasar, roughly 1,000 years ago. Dhang Hyang Dwijendra, a holy priest from Java, then selected Uluwatu Temple to be his final worshiping place of spiritual journey. Hindu devotees of Bali believe that he attained the top religious point of oneness with gods by a hit of lightning and disappeared.
  • However, legend says that Dhang Hyang Dwijendra was the builder of Uluwatu Temple and many other temples in Sumbawa, Lombok and Bali. Pura Uluwatu was almost inaccessible until 1983. In 1999, a lightning strike set parts of the temple on fire.