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Kakatiya Dynasty India

History

  • Kakatiya Dynasty ruled in Andhra Pradesh, India from 1083 to 1323. Kakatiyas were the first feudatories of the Western Chalukyas and they emerged in the 12th and 13th centuries. The reign of the Kakatiya Dynasty was the most prosperous period of history of Andhra Pradesh and Telugu.
  • Prola II expanded the dynasty and proclaimed his independence. He ruled from 1110 to 1158.
  • His successor, Rudra ruled from 1158 to 1195. Rudra was a highly popular ruler in Kakatiya Dynasty because he extended his empire up to the Godavari Delta. He built the fort at Warangal to use as a 2nd capital.
  • Mahadeva succeeded Rudra. He extended his empire as far as coastal areas.
  • Ganapati succeeded Mahadeva. Ganapati was the best king of Kakatiya dynasty. He consolidated Telugu region under one rule and established a huge kingdom.
  • Something uncommon occurred in the Kakatiya dynasty when Ganapati had no son to succeed him. His daughter, Rudramadevi was given the male name of Rudradeva and proclaimed as the Queen. Rudramadevi was wedded to Eastern Chalukyan prince of Nidadavolu, Veerabhadra. In spite of early reservations by some of her generals who disliked a female ruler, she contained the internal revolts as well as external invasions. She was a talented ruler and fighter and defended the kingdom from the Yadavs and the Cholas. She is among the few signs of female power in South India. In a battle with a rebel Kayashtha chief, Ambadeva she died in November 1289.

Prataparudra

  • Rudramadevi was succeeded by her grandson, Prataparudra. During his reign, administrative reforms were introduced and the dynasty’s border was extended up to Raichur to the West. He fought many fights both against outside forces as well as rebels.

Art and literature of Kakatiya dynasty

  • Art and literature was patronised by the rulers of Kakatiya dynasty. They took interest to revive Sanskrit literature. Prataparudra was a literary figure. The religious art was a treasure of the rulers who constructed temples of Lord Shiva. The Thousand-Pillared Temple at Hanamkonda was constructed in 1162 by the Kakatiya dynasty.
  • Rudramadevi built star shaped Ramappa temple which is dedicated to Surya, Vishnu and Siva.
  • Kakatiya Ganapati built Warangal fort temple by using big slabs. Temple shrine’s floor is superbly polished and glows just like a mirror. The carving and architecture of these temples are wonderful and reflect the skilful workmanship, patience and rich imagination of the artisans of the Kakatiya period.

Demise of the Dynasty

  • In 1296, Alauddin Khilji, the Commander and son-in-law of the sultan, Jalaluddin occupied Devagiri which started the demise of the Kakatiya Dynasty. Khilji murdered the Sultan and became head of the sultanate.
  • Khilji was amazed by the wealth and glory of the Kakatiya kingdom. In 1309, Malik Kadfur captured the forts of Siripur, Hanumakonda and Warangal.
  • In Delhi, Khilji dynasty was replaced by Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq who sent his son, Ulugh Khan, in 1323 to crush Prataparudra. Khan’s attack was repulsed but he again attacked Prataparudra after a month and defeated him. Prataparudra committed suicide when he was being brought to Delhi.