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Jaipur


Jaipur India


Jaipur

  • Jaipur is the capital and biggest town of the Northern Indian state of Rajasthan. Jaipur was founded in 1727 by the ruler of Amber, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, after whom the town is named. It’s also called the Pink City of India.
  • The town is uncommon among pre-modern Indian towns in the partition of the town into 6 parts by 34 metres wide streets and the uniformity of its streets. Networks of gridded streets further divide the inner-city quarters. Five quarters cover around the west, south and east sides of a central palace quarter, with a 6th quarter closely to the east. A small lake, formal gardens and the Hawa Mahal palace complex are in the Palace quarter. The home of the King Sawai Jai Singh II, Nahargarh Fort, is on top of the hill in the northwest nook of the old town. Jantar Mantar, the observatory, is among the World Heritage Sites. Jaipur is a very famous tourist destination and is included in the Golden Triangle tourist circuit, together with Agra and Delhi.

History

  • The Raja of Amer, Jai Singh II ruled from 1688 to 1743. He founded he city of Jaipur in 1727. Initially, his capital was Dausa, 51 kilometres away from Jaipur. But due to increasing scarcity of water and growing population he decided to shift his capital. After consulting architects and many books on architecture, the King made the layout of Jaipur. Finally, Jaipur was built on the classical principles of Vastu Shastra and similar classical treatises, under the architectural guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya.
  • Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II desired to increase the security of the city following battles against Marathas. Being a lover of astrophysics, mathematics and astronomy, Jai Singh consulted with a Brahmin scholar of Bengal, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, to help him in designing several buildings, including the Royal Palace in the heart of the city.
  • The construction of the town began in 1727. It took about 4 years to complete the major roads, square and palaces. The principles of Shilpa Shastra were followed to build the city. The city was split into 9 blocks, seven of which allotted to the public and the remaining two contained the palaces and state buildings. Along with 7 strong gates, giant fortification walls were constructed. The entire city was painted pink to greet Prince of Wales, Edward, during the reign of Sawai Ram Singh. To give Jaipur a distinctive look, avenues remain painted in pink. Jaipur grew quickly in the 19th century. It had a population of 160,000 by 1900. The city had many hospitals and its wide boulevards were paved. Jaipur’s main industries were marble and metals. There was an enterprising and wealthy community of the administrators, the Marwaris and native bankers.

Geography and climate

Climate

  • Jaipur has a semiarid climate receiving more than 26 inches of rain annually but most rains occur between June and September. Throughout the year, temperatures remain relatively high with average daily temperatures of about 30 °C from April to early July. There are frequent, heavy thunderstorms and rains, during the monsoon but flooding is uncommon. The winter months from November to February are pleasant, with average temperatures from 15 to 18 °C though occasional cold waves reduce temperatures near zero.

Demographics

  • According to census of 2011, Jaipur is the 10th largest city of India. There are 80% Hindus, 14% Muslims, 4.5% Jains, 0.5% Christians and 1.0% Sikhs. 52.51% lived in urban areas and 47.49% people lived in rural areas. The overall rate of literacy for the district was 76.44%. The sex ratio of males to females was 1,000 to 898.
  • For daily communication, the most common languages are Hindi, Rajasthani and Punjabi.

Fauna

  • In Jaipur there are many colonies of Rhesus macaque monkeys.



Jaipur India


Architecture

  • Jaipur was planned in 1727 by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Bengali Brahmin architect as per Indian Vastu Shastra (Vedic Planning for the comfort and prosperity of the citizens). The directions of each market and street are North to South and East to West. the Western gate is called Chand (Moon) Pol and the Eastern gate is called Suraj (Sun) Pol. There are three gates facing East, West, and North and a Northern gate (known as Zorawar Singh gate) faces toward the ancestral capital of Amber, while many gates face South.

Economy

  • Jaipur was 31st among the 50 Emerging Global Outsourcing cities in 2008. Infosys BPO Ltd and Deutsche Bank Group Jaipur have their BPO in Jaipur. Infosys Ltd and Genpact have their Software Development Centres in Jaipur. One of the largest IT SEZ (Special Economic Zone) in India Mahindra SEZ is also located here. This is a joint venture of Mahindra group and Rajasthan Government's RIICO (Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation). Besides IT SEZ, this SEZ also has textile, light engineering zone and other industry zones. The total area of the SEZ is roughly 3000 acres. Once completely developed, the SEZ will be the biggest job provider for Jaipur.



Jaipur India