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Amer Fort


Amber Fort Jaipur


  • Amer Fort, also known as Amber Fort or Amer Palace is situated at 11 kilometres from Jaipur, capital of Rajasthan state, India. This palace together with Jaigarh Fort is on the Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles). It is in Amer town which is spread over an area of 4 square kilometers. It’s the main tourist attraction in Jaipur. About 5,000 tourists visit Amer Fort daily. A narrow 4WD road on National Highway 11C leads up to the entrance gate which is known as the Suraj Pol (Sun Gate). The Rajput Maharajas and their families lived in the palace. There is a temple near the fort’s Ganesh Gate dedicated to Sila Devi.
  • Amer Palace consists of the Sukh Niwas, the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), Jai Mandir, the Diwan-e-Khas or the "Hall of Private Audience" and the Diwan-e-Aam or the "Hall of Public Audience".

History

  • Before the Kachwahas, Amer was a small area constructed by Meenas in the town they dedicated to the Mother Goddess, Amba, whom they knew as `Gatta Rani' or `Queen of the Pass'. It was built by Raja Man Singh, the Kacchwaha King of Amber, in 1592 with cobbled paths, series of gates and big ramparts. During the next 150 years, Amer Fort was improved by successive rulers till 1727 when Kachwahas shifted their capital to Jaipur.
  • A lot of the ancient constructions dating back to medieval period of the Meenas have either been replaced or destroyed. However, the 16th century remarkable structure of as well as the palace in it constructed by the Rajput Maharajas are well preserved.
  • Majority of Amber's existing buildings were started or expanded in the 1600s during the reign of Raja Man Singh I.
  • One of the main buildings is the Diwan-i-Khas in Amber Palace and the Ganesh Poll constructed by the Mirza Raja Jai Singh I.

Layout

  • The Palace is split into 4 main parts each with its own courtyard and entry gate.
  • The first main courtyard, Jaleb Chowk, which means a venue for troops to assemble, is reached through the Suraj Pole (Sun Gate). At this place armies held victory parades which were also seen by the Royal ladies through windows to see war bounty. Suraj Pole was constructed exclusively and guards were posted there because it was the main entry point to get into the palace. This gate faced the rising Sun and hence the name. Dignitaries and royal cavalcades entered the palace via this gate.
  • Jaleb Chowk was constructed during the reign of Sawai Jai Singh. Here parades were held by personal bodyguards of the Maharaja under the lead of the army commander.

First courtyard

  • From the Jaleb Chowk, a stairway leads into the main palace grounds. The Sila Devi temple is here.
  • The Ganesh Gate or Ganesh Pol is the entry into the private palaces of the Maharajas. Mirza Raja Jai Singh (1621–1627) constructed it. There is the Suhag Mandir above this gate from where ladies of the royal family watched through windows, functions held in the Diwan-i-Aam.

Sila Devi temple

  • The Sila Devi (an incarnation of Kali or Durga) temple is on the right side of the Jaleb Chowk. The legend is that Man Singh prayed for blessings of Kali for success against the Jessore’s Raja. The goddess asked the Raja, to recover her image from the sea, install and worship it. After defeating the Raja of Jessore in 1604, Maharaja Man Singh recovered the idol from the sea, installed it inside the temple and named it Sila Devi because it was made from one single piece of a stone slab.



Amber Fort Jaipur