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Brihadeeswarar Temple


Brihadeesawar Temple India


  • Brihadeeswarar temple is also known as Peruvudaiyaar Temple or Big Temple. It is a Hindu temple located at Thanjavur in the Tamil Nadu state of India. The Brihadeshwar Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It’s among the most ancient temples and an excellent example of grandeur and workmanship of Tamil architecture which is a great attraction for tourists . Brihadeeswarar temple is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site. This architectural masterpiece was built by King Rajaraja I in 1010 to celebrate a victory. In those days Thanjavur was developed around Brihadeeswarar temple.
  • Brihadeeswarar temple is surrounded by fortified walls which were added in the 16th century. The temple tower is 216 feet high and is one of the tallest in the world. It can be seen from any place in Tanjore. Atop the tower there is a capstone which weighs 80 tons and was carved out of one rock . It was lifted to its existing height by pulling on a 6.44 kilometres long inclined plane. Elephants were used to pull the stone up the slope.
  • The whole temple is made of granite.



Brihadeesawar Temple India


History

  • The Tamil emperor Rajaraja Chola I laid foundations of the temple in 1002. The temple shows the amazing accomplishments of the Chola in bronze casting, painting, sculpture and architecture.



Brihadeesawar Temple India


Construction

  • The desire to construct a huge temple such as this is believed to have occurred to Rajaraja when he was in Sri Lanka.
  • As mentioned in inscriptions at the temple Kunjara Mallan Raja Raja Perunthachan was the engineer and architect of the temple.
  • At the entrance there’s a big sculpture of Nandi (sacred bull) measuring 13 feet high and 16 feet long which was carved out of one rock. Its weight is about 20 tonnes.
  • Atop the tower there is a capstone which weighs 80 tons and was  carved out of one rock  .
  • Brihadeeswarar temple is the first ever building completely built from granite. Representatives of Shiva and stone idols dance above the solid base of the temple.
  • The outer boundary of the temple is 240 metres long and 125 metres wide.
  • Pandyas added the shrine of Goddess in 13th century. Vijayanagara rulers added Subramanya Shrine and Maratha rulers renovated the Vinayaka shrine.



Brihadeesawar Temple India



Brihadeesawar Temple India