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Agra Fort

Agra Fort Front Gate

  • Agra Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site situated in Agra, India. It’s roughly 2.5 kilo metres to the northwest of the Taj Mahal. In 2004, the Aga Khan Award for Architecture was won by the Agra Fort and a stamp was issued by the India Post to commemorate the event. The Agra fort has survived the onslaught of men, nature and time.
  • Sikandar Lodi was the first Delhi’s Sultan who moved capital to Agra from Delhi. He died in 1517. His son, Ibrahim Lodi, occupied the fort for 9 years till he was killed in 1526 at Panipat. During his tenure, he built many mosques, wells and palaces in the fort.
  • Humayun was sent to Agra by his father, Babur. Humayun occupied the Agra fort and big treasure including the famous Koh-i-noor’ diamond. In 1530, Humayun was coronated in the fort. Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah of the Sur in 1540. Humayun recaptured the fort in 1555.
  • Considering central location of Agra, Akbar made it capital in 1558. The fort was in a very bad condition. Akbar ordered to renovate it with red sandstone. About 40,000 builders took 8 years to complete renovation in 1573.

Inside Agra Fort

  • Current state of the fort is the result of efforts by Akbar's grandson, Shah Jahan who also constructed 3 mosques in it. These 3 mosques were Mina-Masjid, Nagina-Masjid and Moti-Masjid. Shah Jahan was ousted and confined in the fort by his son, Aurangzeb. Shah Jahan died in 1666 and was buried in the Taj Mahal.
  • During the mid 18th century the fort was captured many times by the Marathas and their enemies. In 1785, Mahadji Shinde captured the fort. In 1803, the British occupied the fort.
  • During the Indian rebellion of 1857, the fort was a battle ground. The rebellion ended the rule of the British East India Company and resulted in direct rule of India by Britain.