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Banpo Museum

  • The Banpo Museum is situated in the suburb of Xian City. It is the first prehistoric excavation museum. It was constructed at the bottom of the diggings of the Banpo location. More than two million people have visited this site since it was opened to the general public in 1958.
  • About 6,000 years ago Banpo Village was a typical community of the Yangshao culture. In those days, tools mainly made of stone and wood were used by the Banpo people. Men fished and women were responsible for raising the family, spinning and making pottery.
  • The Banpo Museum was discovered while a power plant was being built in 1953. The excavation work took four years to complete in 1958.
  • About 4,500 square metres display area of the Museum is split into a Site Hall and 2 Exhibition Halls.
  • The area of the Site Hall is roughly 3,000 square metres and it comprises burial, pottery making and residential sections. Among the three, major part of the site is the residential section, including the tombs of the primitive residents, kilns and huts. All these show us the native village as well as the tough situations of the forefathers and the social systems in those days.
  • The first Exhibition Hall contains relic exhibitions of the First Hall and the Second Hall. The displayed items in these two halls are mainly domestic tools including pottery and stone knives, sickles, chisels, axes, and production tools used by the prehistoric people, which give us an idea of the production methods of the people of Banpo thousands of years back. Additionally, adornments and artwork here reveal the inventions, art, culture and social life of the period.
  • The second Exhibition Hall is used for secondary display and it has 2 halls. Here special performances are held on folklore, ethnology and the history of art pertaining to the prehistoric civilization.