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Wild Goose Pagoda Xian

  • Big Wild Goose Pagoda is sacred for Buddhists and an ancient building. It is situated in the suburb of Xian City, roughly 4 kilometres from the city center. Standing majestically in the Da Ci'en Temple compound, it attracts a lot of visitors for its reputation in the Buddhist faith, its appealing way of construction, and new square facing the temple. It is rated as an AAAA Tourist Attraction and a National Key Cultural Relic Preserve as well.
  • Big Wild Goose Pagoda consists of 3 parts: 1) the North Square 2) the Da Ci'en Temple and 3) the Big Wild Goose Pagoda.

The North Square

  • The panorama near Big Wild Goose Pagoda is extremely charming, particularly the square to the north of the Da Ci'en Temple.
  • The square is composed of tourist paths, gardens, a cultural square and waterscape fountains. There you can see actual Chinese traditions and culture and enjoy the truly beautiful views.


Da Ci'en Temple

  • It is the residence of Big Wild Goose Pagoda. To honor the deceased honorable queen, royals ordered to construct a temple called 'Ci'en' (Kindness and Mercy).
  • Two buildings are there at the entrance. These are Drum Tower in the west and Bell Tower in the east. An iron bell weighing 15 tons hangs inside the Bell Tower. Along the central axis are arranged the Hall of Xuanzang Sanzang, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Sermon Hall and the Hall of Mahavira.


Big Wild Goose Pagoda

  • Initially constructed in 652 when Emperor Gaozong, it was used to keep Buddhist objects which Xuanzang transferred from India.
  • To go to India, the origin of Buddhism, Xuanzang began his journey from Chang'an along the Silk Road and through deserts. During 17 years and passing through 100 countries, he obtained many Buddha relics, 657 types of sutras and Buddha figures. After getting approval from Emperor Gaozong, Xuanzang became the first head of Da Ci'en Temple and managed the construction of a pagoda in its inner side. With the help of monarchs, he asked 50 important persons in the temple to transform Sanskrit in sutras into Chinese, totalling 1,335 volumes, which started a new period in the history of translation. On the basis of his journey to India, he also penned a book named 'Pilgrimage to the West' which is regarded by scholars as of great importance.
  • Initially it had five stories and was 60 metres high. Presently it is 64.5 metres high with seven stories. From outside, it appears like a square cone and it’s a work of art of Buddhist construction. Constructed of bricks, its structure is very solid.
  • To enable visitors to climb and see the view of Xian City, stairs twist up inside the pagoda. Fine statues of Buddha engraved by the famous artist Yan Liben are on the walls. Steles by renowned calligraphers also beautify the pagoda.
  • There is a legend regarding why its name is Big Wild Goose Pagoda. As per ancient tales of Buddhists, there were 2 branches, for one eating meat wasn’t a restriction. One day, they did not find meat. A monk said to himself after seeing a group of large wild geese, 'Today we do not have meat. I expect the kind Bodhisattva will provide us some.' At that instant, the chief wild goose broke up its wings and dropped on the ground. All the monks were shocked and thought that Bodhisattva demonstrated his spirit so as to order them to be more religious. They constructed a pagoda at the place where the wild goose dropped and ceased eating meat. Thus it was named 'Big Wild Goose Pagoda'.