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Shaanxi History Museum Xian

  • Shaanxi Province is thought as among the birth places of culture of China, as well as the capital of 13 dynasties including Zhou, Han and Tang. It has its own exceptional past and cultural characteristics. The Shaanxi History Museum inside Xian is known as “the gem of very old dynasties and also house of Chinese assets”, provides a mini summary of the thousands of years of China’s history and the impressive old cultures of ancient times.
  • Shaanxi History Museum is located on the northwestern area from Big Wild Goose Pagoda, on Xiaozhai East Road. It is the 1st contemporary national museum. It was constructed in 1983 and was opened to the general public in 1991. It is spread over an area of 65,000 square metres, out of which 11,000 square metres is for the exhibition halls and 8,000 square metres are for warehouses to store relics. Presently 370,000 exhibits in the museum show the history of more than a million years from prehistoric times.
  • The impressive buildings emulate the constructional style of the Tang Dynasty with 4 worship halls and a two-storied central hall surrounding it. The main colours of the halls are grey, white and black which give rustic charisma and an atmosphere of somberness to the halls.
  • The display halls are divided into 4 groups; the Preface Hall, the permanent exhibition halls, the temporary exhibition halls, and an exhibition hall. When you get into the central hall, you will be in the Preface Hall, where there’s a copy of a stone lion from the Tang Dynasty and a giant picture of a plateau as well as the Yellow River. The permanent exhibition halls are behind the picture.
  • Permanent Exhibition Halls show the Shaanxi's culture in 3 exhibition halls separately. 

Exhibition Hall No.1 (first floor)

  • It demonstrates the history of Prehistoric Times, the Qin and Western Zhou dynasties. Diverse original cultures are mostly displayed in prehistoric times. In the Qin and Western Zhou Dynasty areas, the origin as well as arising of these 2 dynasties are shown.

Exhibition Hall No. 2 (second floor)

  • It demonstrates the history from the Han Dynasty to the Southern and Northern Dynasties. During the Han Dynasty, the cultural exchanges with other nations as well as impressive architecture are attractive. The key idea of the Southern and Northern Dynasties are cultural integration and everlasting wars.

Exhibition Hall No. 3(second floor) 

  • It shows the history of the Tang Dynasty as well as later years. The Tang Dynasty was the zenith of China; therefore several different types of relics covering nearly all features are shown in this section. In this hall you can see wonderful silver and gold articles, tri-color glossy earthenware and articles pertaining to the Silk Road. Following the Tang Dynasty, even though Xian was not the capital of China, but it was an important location. There are several antiquities which demonstrate its continuing significance.

Gems of Great Tang Dynasty (west side below ground)

  • These gems which are shown in one of the temporary halls, were discovered from Hejia Village, Xian.

Exhibition Hall for Mural Paintings (east side below ground)

  • It’s the most distinguishing accumulation in the museum. The hall, on the first floor under ground is spread over an area of 1,000 square metres and has 600 mural paintings from over 20 noble graves of the Tang Dynasty. These paintings explain diverse features of the noble classes during the Tang Dynasty, showing the way people lived during that time. Other related paintings and antiquities in other dynasties are also displayed so that visitors can know the growth of the murals. There’s an electronic explanation system and inquiry system to provide additional information in order to enable you to not just enjoy the unbelievable paintings but also have some knowledge.