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Phnom Bakheng

  • Phnom Bakheng is a Hindu temple at Angkor, located on the top of a mountain and is dedicated to Shiva. It was constructed during the reign of King Yasovarman at the end of the 9th century. These days it’s a famous tourist resort because of sunset sights of the temple Angkor Wat that is amid the forest roughly one and a half km away. The great number of tourists makes Phnom Bakheng among the most endangered monuments of Angkor. World Monuments Fund has been collaborating with APSARA since 2004, to conserve the temple.
  • Historians think that Phnom Bakheng was built over 2 centuries ago and was the main temple of Angkor. It was indeed the architectural flagship of a new capital, Yasodharapura, which Yasovarman constructed.
  • Surrounding the temple mount, labor groups constructed an outer channel. Roads radiated out in the 4 main directions from the mount. A road ran in a southeast- northwest direction from the previous capital to the eastern part of the outer moat of new capital and after that, bending to an east-west direction, linked directly to the eastern entrance of the temple.
  • Phnom Bakheng is a representation of Mount Meru which is home of the Hindu gods. The temple measures 76 meters square at its base. It faces east, and is constructed in a pyramid shape of 6 layers. There are 5 sandstone sanctuaries at the top level, one in the middle and one at each corner. Originally, 108 towers were lined up around the temple at ground level and on different tiers; a majority of them have fallen down.