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The Khmer Angkor Kingdom In Thailand

  • The Khmer Empire had its beginnings in 790 when King Jayavarman conquered the Kingdom of Kambuja, until then under the Joke of the Javanese. The consecration rites of Jayavarman on Mount Julen (now in Cambodia) in 802 formalized the freeing of Kambuja from Java and the introduction of the Hindu cult of the Devaraja (God King) ariharalaya was the name of the first settlement of the new Angkor Kingdom and by 889 this Khmer Empire held control as far as Ubon in Thailand.By 944 after battles with the Cham people, the Empire expanded to the Annamite chain in the East (now Vietnam), Burma to the West and the Gulf of Siam in the South.
  • In the early 14th century this Empire expanded and levied tribute from South Thailand. During the reign of Jayavarman 7th from 1181-1220 the Khmer Empire expanded further to include the Korat Plateau in I'san, the Menan Valley, Southern Malaysia, Northern Laos and  the Kingdom of Champa. It was not until 1430 when the Ayutthaya Empire of the Tai -Siamese sacked Angkor did the decline of the Khmer commence.
  • The Khmer had a presence in Central, East, some parts of the North and the Northeast of Thailand (I'san) since the second half of 6 th Century. This presence lasted until the mid 13 th century. However the influences of Khmer styles, inspiration and iconography continued long after.
  • Where the Khmer were and when can be traced from looking at the many stone inscriptions found throughout Thailand. These are dated by the alphabet used, which was either ancient Khmer, Pallava, Later Pallava, or Khmer and the language used which was either Pali, Sanskrit (both from India) and Khmer.
  • Khmer presence can also be traced by art objects and architecture ruins found in ancient sites. Scholars of art can classify art objects by their subject matter and style such that they can be dated precisely.
  • The principal periods are the Pre-Angkor Period of   547-807  which include 5 distinct and consecutive time periods, and the Angkorian Period 827-1237 which includes 10 distinct and consecutive periods. Thus monuments and sculptures distributed in these parts of Thailand are dated. A similar process is also available to identify utensils, ceramics, and household articles.